Cirrhosis is an outcome of severe liver disease, and arises when scar tissue (also known as fibrosis) forms in the liver, preventing it from functioning normally. Symptoms include (but are not limited to) bruising, weight loss, encephalopathy, abdominal swelling, nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivities, lack of appetite and, in some cases, jaundice. As cirrhosis is a permanent, progressive illness, treatments aim to alleviate symptoms to halt further disintegration. Thus, management includes medicine, vitamins, phlebotomy, herbal therapy, homeopathy and Traditional Chinese Medicine. In some cases, the only cure for cirrhosis is a liver transplant.
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